The Energy Modeling Forum (EMF)-30 study on short-lived climate forcers: introduction and overview
Smith S.J., Klimont Z., Drouet L., Harmsen M., Luderer G., Riahi K., van Vuuren D.P., (2021), The Energy Modeling Forum (EMF)-30 study on short-lived climate forcers: introduction and overview, Climatic Change, 163, pages1399-1408, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-020-02938-5, webpage
The Energy Modeling Forum inter-comparison study on short-lived climate forcers (EMF-30) focuses on black carbon (BC) and methane (CH4), two of the most important warming SLCFs. The study is aimed at quantifying the potential impact of methane and BC-focused reductions on climate change and at comparing the impact of idealized SLCF reductions as compared to idealized GHG reduction policies of the type long-analyzed by the modeling community.
The EMF-30 study takes a multi-model approach that includes nine integrated assessment models. Analysis of the interaction between dedicated SLCF and GHG reduction policies and the systematic implementation of stylized scenarios allows an assessment of the role of forcers individually and as they interact with different policy options. The multi-model analysis allows an assessment of how robust results are across different models and background scenario assumptions.