Human Health & Migration

Human Health & Migration

Environmental pollution and degradation affect humans health. Exposure to climate and environmental change modifies population dynamics, including migration patterns, as ways to escape ecological risks.

Our work

We conduct empirical and modeling work to understand the impact of climate and air pollution on human health. We use satellite and monitoring station information to map air quality, and scenarios to explore future health benefits of decarbonization strategies, including economic benefits from avoided mortality. We also conduct work on environmental impacts on human migration. We employ historical data on migration flows and various types of climatic indicators to examine the causal relationship between climatic drivers and migration response. We study migration responses that occur between different countries of the world or between other areas of the same country. Given that climatic stress may induce indirect effects that propagate to areas not initially hit by the climatic event, we employ econometric models to identify climate-fragility connections via migration.




Infectious Disease decision-support tools and Alert systems to build climate Resilience to emerging health Threats


Impact on humaN Health of Agriculture and Livestock Emissions


CAScading Climate risks: towards ADaptive and resilient European Societies

Bakola M., Hernandez C. I., Jelastopulu E., Stuckler D.

The impact of COVID-19 lockdown on air pollution in Europe and North America: a systematic review

European Journal of Public Health , ckac118 - 2022

Bakola M., Hernandez C. I., Stuckler D.

The impact of air pollution on COVID-19 incidence, severity, and mortality: A systematic review of studies in Europe and North America

Environmental Research , Volume 215, Part 1, 114155 - 2022

Shayegh, S., Emmerling, J., Tavoni, M.

International Migration Projections across Skill Levels in the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways

Sustainability , 2022, 14(8), 4757 - 2022

Vandyck T., Rauner S., Sampedro J., Lanzi E., Aleluia Reis L., Springmann M., Van Dingenen R.

Integrate health into decision-making to foster climate action

Environmental Research Letters , Volume 16, Number 4 - 2021

Aleluia Reis L., Drouet L., Tavoni M.

Internalizing air pollution health-economic impacts into climate policy – a global modelling study

The Lancet Planetary Health , Volume 6, Issue 1, E40-E48 - 2022

Kim Y.J, Sarmiento L.

The Air Quality Effects of Uber

RFF Working Papers Series , Working Paper (21-34) - 2021

Cattaneo C., Grieco D.

Turning opposition into support to immigration: The role of narratives

Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization , Volume 190, October 2021, Pages 785-801 - 2021

Sarmiento L.

Air pollution and the productivity of high-skill labor: Evidence from court hearings

The Scandinavian Journal of Economics , - 2021

Bosetti V., Cattaneo C., Peri G.

Should they stay or should they go? Climate migrants and local conflicts

Journal of Economic Geography , - 2020

Cattaneo C., Beine M., Fröhlich C.J., Kniveton D., Martinez-Zarzoso I., Mastrorillo M., Millock K., Piguet E., Schraven B.

Human Migration in the Era of Climate Change

Review of Environmental Economics and Policy , Volume 13, Issue 2, Summer 2019, Pages 189–206 - 2019

Cattaneo C., Massetti E.

Does harmful climate increase or decrease migration? Evidence from Rural Households in Nigeria

Climate Change Economics , volume 10(4), pp 1950013-1 - 1950013-36 - 2019

Cattaneo C.

Migrant networks and adaptation

Nature Climate Change , volume 9, pp 907-908 - 2019

Cattaneo C., Beine M., Fröhlich C.J., Kniveton D., Martinez-Zarzoso I., Mastrorillo M., Millock K., Piguet E.

Human Migration in the Era of Climate Change

RFF Working Papers Series , Working Paper 19-13 - 2019